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Canaima Iagoon

  • Venezuela is a country in South America
  • It has a shoreline along the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean
  • It borders Colombia, Guyana, Brazil, and is situated on the major sea and air routes linking North and South America
  • Off the Venezuelan coast are the Caribbean island states of Aruba, the Netherlands Antilles, and Trinidad and Tobago
  • Venezuela is home to the world’s highest waterfall, Angel Falls and the second longest river in South America, the Orinoco
  • It also has the longest coastline to the Caribbean Sea
  • Venezuela is the world’s fifth-largest oil exporter and also has vast untapped reserves of natural gas
  • More than 40% of its national territory is covered by protected areas
  • Spanish is the official language of Venezuela
  • English is not commonly spoken or even understood, even in the major cities
  • 96% of the population is Roman Catholic
  • The capital of Venezuela is Caracas
  • Venezuela follows a federal republic form of government


  • The first permanent Spanish settlement in South America, Nuevo Toledo, was established in Venezuela in 1522
  • However, Venezuela was a relatively neglected colony in the 1500s and 1600s as the Spaniards focused on extracting gold from other areas of their empire in the Americas
  • Venezuela, along with what are now Colombia, Panama, and Ecuador, was part of the Republic of Gran Colombia until 1830, when it separated and became a sovereign country
  • Much of Venezuela’s 19th century history was characterized by periods of political instability, dictatorial rule, and revolutionary turbulence
  • The first half of the 20th century was marked by periods of authoritarianism–including dictatorships from 1908-35 and from 1950-58
  • The Venezuelan economy shifted from a primarily agricultural orientation to one centered on petroleum production and export after the First World War.
  • Since the overthrow of Gen. Marcos Perez Jimenez in 1958, Venezuela has enjoyed an unbroken tradition of civilian democratic rule


    White Sand Beach

    • Venezuela is considered to be amongst the 17 most biodiverse countries of the world.
    • Venezuela holds the distinction of being one of the most urbanized countries in Latin America.
    • The highest point in Venezuela is formed by Pico Bolivar, at 5,007 m.
    • Canaima National Park in Venezuela is one of the largest national parks in the world.
    • Lake Maracaibo of Venezuela is regarded as the largest lake in South America.
    • Kerepakupai-Meru, more popularly known as Angel Falls, makes up the world’s highest free-falling waterfall.
    • Capybara, the largest rodent of the world, is found inhabiting the grassy plains of Venezuela.
    • The term Venezuela literally means ‘Little Venice’. The country was so named by its explorers, who saw houses built on stilts in a lake here, reminding them of Venice.
    • Slavery was abolished in Venezuela in 1854.
    • Venezuela was the largest oil exporter in the world in the early twentieth century.
    • The petroleum industry accounts for half of the revenue of the government of Venezuela.

Avg. Costs

Angel Falls

  • Food is rather cheap in Venezuela, especially in the small islands and villages of the country.
  • A platter of giant high-quality shrimps can cost around $ 10, a dozen oysters would cost around $ 1.
  • Beer and South American wine are also very inexpensive in Venezuela, costing around $ 3 per bottle. Other types of fish and shellfish might be a little more costly.
  • Accommodation: Basic double room with bathroom will generally cost between US$15 – 30 per night. Air-conditioned rooms are more expensive.
  • Food: A decent meal in a local restaurant will cost between US$7 – 20.
  • Drinks: Beer and soft drinks cost around 50c (per 222ml bottle), spirits are also cheap and a liter bottle of rum is about US$3.5.
  • Nightclubs: These vary. Some are free, others may charge up to US$10. Sometimes drinks are included.
  • Cinemas: US$2-10, depending on size and quality.
  • Transport: national buses work out at roughly US$2 per hour’s journey. Local bus rides are cheap and cost around 50c.
  • Scuba diving – 2 dives normally costs around 85-100 US


Click here to see The Economist’s Big Mac Index.  It is arguably the world’s most accurate financial indicator to be based on a fast-food item.


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Jasper Falls

  • Venezuela has its fair share of poverty and crime
  • Venezuela has one of the highest homicide rates worldwide
  • It is necessary to be vigilant when in crowded cities, as pickpockets and muggers may be around
  • Most sections of large cities are not safe to walk at night
  • Stay in populated areas
  • Always travel by vehicle at night
  • The outskirts of many cities are very poor and crime-ridden, and are not appropriate for tourists
  • It is advisable not to wear expensive jewelry or watches
  • Always ride on a legal taxi (Yellow plates) – The white plate taxis are not legal and may be dangerous
  • Above all, when you are in Venezuela it is very important to use common sense
  • If you follow the right precautions, you’ll probably have no problem
  • In the sad event you do get mugged, by all means don’t try to put up resistance


Click here to see Canadian Government Travel Reports and Warnings on  Travel Reports offer information on safety and security, local laws and customs, entry requirements, health conditions and other important travel issues.


Playa El Tirano

  • The climate in Venezuela varies according to altitude
  • Lowland areas have a tropical climate, while mountainous regions are significantly cooler
  • The rainy season runs from May to December
  • During the rainy season, there is the possibility of flooding in certain low-lying areas, such as the Llanos and in some valleys of the Andes
  • Various parts of Venezuela, including Caracas and the eastern part of Sucre, are vulnerable to earthquakes, although there have been no serious ones for many years

Places to See

Steep Rock Wall of Monte Roraima

Angel Falls

  • It is the world’s highest waterfall
  • With a height of 979 m (3,212 ft) and a plunge of 807 m (2,648 ft)
  • The waterfall drops over the edge of the Auyantepui mountain in the Canaima National Park
  • The height of the fall is so great that, before getting anywhere near the ground, much of the water is evaporated or carried away as a fine mist by the strong wind
  • The base of the falls feeds into the Kerep River (alternatively known as the Río Gauya)

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Cueva del Guácharo

  • The cave itself was designated as Venezuela’s first National Monument in 1949
  • The National Park was later created to conserve the cave and the forest eco-system where the birds feed
  • The cave is a limestone cavern over 10 km long, with a number of large chambers and spectacular rock formations
  • The temperature inside the cave generally remains near 19 °C and the humidity at 100%

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Cordillera de Mérida

  • A series of mountain ranges, or massif, in northwestern Venezuela
  • The Cordillera de Mérida is a northeastern extension of the Andes Mountains
  • The ranges run southwest–northeast between the Venezuelan–Colombian border and the Venezuelan coastal range
  • The Táchira depression separates the Cordillera de Mérida from the Cordillera Oriental, which forms the Colombia–Venezuela border

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Mount Roraima

  • The highest of the Pakaraima chain of tepui plateau in South America
  • Its 31km2 summit area is defended by 400-metre-tall cliffs on all sides
  • The mountain includes the triple border point of Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana
  • Mount Roraima lies on the Guiana Shield in the southeastern corner of Venezuela’s 30000 km2 Canaima National Park forming the highest peak of Guyana’s Highland Range
  • The tabletop mountains of the park are considered some of the oldest geological formations on Earth, dating back to some two billion years ago in the Precambrian

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Colonia Tovar

  • A city located in the Tovar Municipality of the state of Aragua in Venezuela, 60 km west of Caracas
  • The town was named after Martín Tovar y Ponte who donated the land over 150 years ago
  • The city is mainly known for its Germanic characteristics, culture, and a dessert called “golfeado”, which is very similar to a cinnamon bun
  • The majority of its residents are descendants of Germans and have a Northern European appearance
  • Today, about 6,000 people live in the village, up from 1300 in 2003

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The Amazon Jungle

  • The Amazon region in the south of the country is thick with tropical rain forest, crisscrossed by rivers, and home to a number of isolated Indian tribes
  • Tours up the Orinoco, Sipapo or Autana rivers and deep into the Venezuelan Amazon can be arranged from the hot but pleasant town of Puerto Ayacucho





  • Located on the Caribbean coast at the base of the Península de Paraguaná
  • Includes some of the best colonial architecture in Venezuela
  • Founded in 1527, it was one of the earliest colonial settlements on the continent
  • The cobblestoned Calle Zamora is the most beautiful colonial street, with spectacular old mansions
  • Other attractions include the Catedral and the Museo de Arte Coro

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Communication Etiquette:
• Upon first meeting a firm handshake and direct eye contact with a welcoming smile is a good approach
– Upon meeting groups greet the eldest first
– Say good bye to each person individually
– Address people by their academic or professional title
– Wait to be invited to use first names
• Prefer to see people face-to-face

Business Etiquette:
• Networking is very important as it will broaden your personnel base
• It is important that they can trust and know a person that they are doing business with
• Business appointments can often be scheduled on short notice
– 2 weeks is a safe time to schedule one
– Fax, telephone, and e-mail are all acceptable
– First meeting is formal
– Have written material in both English and Spanish
– Decisions are not made during meetings
– Meetings are more of a discussion exchanging ideas
– Send a thank you note of appreciation
– Minimal amount of small talk
– It will take many meetings to get to an agreement
• Focus on long-term rather than short-term goals
• Business is hierarchical
– Decisions are made from the top
• Business dress must be appropriate
– Men – Good quality dark colored suits
– Women – elegant business suits or dresses
– Nice make up and accessories
– Red is the color of government
• Business cards should be exchanged during the introductions to everyone within the meeting
– Have one side translated into Spanish
– Present it with the Spanish facing upward

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