US – Nevada

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• Nevada is a state of the USA, lying between California and Utah.
• Located in the Great Basin Desert, it is the driest state, receiving less rainfall than any other state. The population of Nevada is an estimated 2,724,000.
• The capital of Nevada is Carson City.
• English is the official language of Nevada. Spanish is also widely spoken.
• Nevada has more mountain ranges than any other state, with its highest point at the 13,145 foot top of Boundary Peak near the west-central border.
• Nevada is one of the most mountainous states. The state has large desert areas, ranches, valleys with salt flats and sand dunes, streams, canyons, pine forests, and plateaus. The federal government owns over 80 percent of Nevada’s land.

• Nevada gets its name from the Sierra Nevada mountain range, which it shares with California.
• “Nevada” is a Spanish word, meaning “snow-covered.”
• The state was given this name because of its high mountain ranges where there is sometimes snow all year-round.
• Nevada is also called the “Battle Born State” because it became a state in 1864, during the Civil War.

• There were 16,067 slots in Nevada in 1960. In 1999 Nevada had 205,726 slot machines, one for every 10 residents.
• In 1931 the Pair-O-Dice Club was the first casino to open on Highway 91, the future Las Vegas Strip.
• Nevada is the seventh largest state with 110,540 square miles, 85% of them federally owned including the secret Area 51 near the little town of Rachel.
• Nevada takes its name from a Spanish word meaning snow-clad.
• Nevada is the largest gold-producing state in the nation. It is second in the world behind South Africa.
• Hoover Dam, the largest single public works project in the history of the United States, contains 3.25 million cubic yards of concrete, which is enough to pave a two-lane highway from San Francisco to New York. The dam face was used in an amazing stunt for Roland Emerich’s “Universal Soldier” and has been seen in such films as “Viva Las Vegas” and “Fools Rush In.”
• Area 51 is acknowledged with State Route 375 officially christened “The Extraterrestrial Highway” in a ceremony featuring the director and cast of the movie “Independence Day.” The highway runs between Alamo and Tonopah. There is a tiny restaurant stop at the Little Ale’ Inn at Rachel.
• Las Vegas has more hotel rooms than any other place on earth.

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• Nevada is a high mountain environment containing some of the snowiest places in the US. During winter you should always carry tire chains in your car and know how to use them.
• When hiking or backpacking where you will be far from help, check the weather first. The first snows of winter may come earlier than you expect.
• In summer during the North American Monsoon, thunderstorms often build up near the crest of the Sierra Nevada, particularly during late afternoon. It is unwise to be in a high, treeless place during a thunderstorm.
• Nevada finds itself at the bottom of the list for the fifth straight year in a row for safest place to live.
• The rankings are based on how a state fares in six major crime categories including: murder; rape; robbery; aggravated assault; burglary; and motor vehicle theft.
• You may be approached by vagrants and panhandlers.
• Petty theft is rampant.
• The report also looks at the most dangerous cities in America and even though Nevada ranks as the most dangerous state, not a single one of its cities rank in the top 15.
• Rattlesnakes (poisonous!) are sometimes found in less than favorable places. Examples are: right outside your car door, under your bed, or in the toilet.


• Nevada’s climate is sunny and dry, with wide variation in daily temperatures.
• The normal daily temperature at Reno is 49°F (9°C), ranging from 32°F (0°C) in January to 69°F (21°C) in July.
• The all-time high, 125°F (52°C), was set at Laughlin on 29 June 1994; the record low, –50°F (–46°C), at San Jacinto on 8 January 1937.
• Nevada is the driest state in the US, with overall average annual precipitation (1971–2000) of 7.5 in (19 cm) at Reno.
• Snowfall is abundant in the mountains, however, reaching 60 in (152 cm) a year on the highest peaks.

Places to See

Las Vegas

Carson City



Great Basin National Park

Black Rock City


Etiquette is coming soon.

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