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Elevated Walkway Through Forest

  • Singapore  consists of one main island and  63 islets
  • 90% of the population in Singapore  live in flats
  • The country has grown to became a major center for trade, communications, and tourism
  • Because of the diversity of races in Singapore, there are a variety of different religions practiced.
  • The Chinese population in Singapore normally practice Buddhism, Taoism, Shenism, Christianity, Catholicism, and the Indian population are typically Muslim and Sikh.
  • There are some who don’t belong to any religion and they are considered “free thinkers”
  • Mandarin, Malay, Tamil and English are considered the four major languages, with English being the most common language used.



  • First voyages to Singapore can be found in Greek and Chinese texts and date back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries.
  • Legend states that prince Sang Nila Utama landed on the island in the 13th century, and named the city he found Singapura, city of lion.
  • Other records show that the island was settled two centuries earlier and was known as Temasek, however because of feuds between kingdoms it fell into obscurity.
  • The country regained their strength but faded into obscurity after the invasion of the Portuguese raiders.
  • In 1819 the British set up trading posts on the island, and because of the fact that it was a tax free trading post, it became one of Asia’s busiest trading posts.
  • Their economy grew even stronger when palm oil and rubber from Malaya, were processed and shipped out via Singapore
  • In 1867 Singapore split from Britain
  • During World War Two, Singapore was considered a British base, but was defeated by the Germans.
  • On August 19 1965 Singapore became the only country to gain independence on its own will.
  • Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew ruled Singapore for 40 years, and helped Singapore became one of the wealthiest and most developed countries in Asia.
  • The country is currently led by Lee Kuan Yew’s son, Lee Hsien Loong


    • Descendant immigrants from the Malay Peninsula, China and the Indian sub-continent make up the majority of the residents in Singapore
    • ‘The Merlion’, half-fish and half-lion creature is the symbol of Singapore
    • Vanessa Mae Nicholson, a British pop violinist was born in Singapore.
    • September 21, 1965 Singapore became a member of the United Nations
    • Singapore has the first night zoo in the whole world, called ‘The Night Safari’
    • Singapore has more than 3,000 km of roads.
    • Singapore is included in the list of 20 counties which are considered small, yet it is the second densely populated country in the world
    • The highest man-made waterfall of the world, 30 m high, is located at the Jurong Bird Park of Singapore.
    • The ‘Changi Airport’ in Singapore has been named the ‘Best Airport Worldwide’ from UK/Europe edition of the ‘Business Traveler’ magazine.
    • Statistics reveal that more Singaporeans are born in the month of October than any other month of the year.
    • Tan, Lim and Lee are amongst the most common Chinese surnames in Singapore.
    • Around 80 percent of the people in Singapore own cell phones.

Avg. Costs

Boat Quay

  • Standard Prices for a Double Room
  • Budget – under 100 SGD
  • Midrange – 100-300 SGD
  • Highend – 300+ SGD


  • Public washrooms may have and entry fee of 10 to 20 cents


Click here to see The Economist’s Big Mac Index.  It is arguably the world’s most accurate financial indicator to be based on a fast-food item.


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Floating Dancer on Singapore River

  • Singapore is considered one of the safest places in the world
  • They have strict rules on behaviors such as, jay-walking, spitting, littering, and drinking and eating on public transportation
  • Chewing gum is not allowed unless it is for medical purposes

Emergency Numbers

  • Ambulance – 995
  • Fire – 995
  • Police (Main number for Emergency Services) – 999
  • Singapore General Hospital – +65 6222 3322
  • Drug & Poison Information Centre – +65 6423 9119


Click here to see Canadian Government Travel Reports and Warnings on  Travel Reports offer information on safety and security, local laws and customs, entry requirements, health conditions and other important travel issues.


Singapore Flyer

  • Singapore is mostly hot and humid, with temperatures above 20 degrees
  • Rain season is November and December, and when it rains it is usually for a short period of time
  • The best times to travel to Singapore is June to August

Places to See

Marina Bay

Singapore Zoo

  • Operated by Wildlife Reserves Singapore
  • Spreads through 28 hectares of land
  • Contains 315 species on animals, and of that,16 percent are threatened species




National Museum of Singapore

  • This is the oldest museum in Singapore, since 1849
  • It started as a section of a library and expanded

View Map




Singapore River

  • The Singapore river is  a small historical river, and is considered the most famous river in Singapore
  • Flows from the Central Area, of the most southern part of Singapore,  and empties into The ocean
  • Singapore river was one of the first trading ports in Singapore

View Map




Sentosa Island

  • Most popular island resort in Singapore
  • Includes a two kilometer beach, golf courses, five star hotels, theme park Universal Studios Singapore

View Map




Changi Museum and Chapel

  • This museum is dedicated to the history that took place in Singapore in the Second World War

View Map




Raffles Hotel

  • Colonial style hotel
  • One of the worlds most famous hotels, opened in 1899
  • luxurious accommodations and quality restaurants

View Map


Communication Etiquette:
• Greetings have a strict protocol depending on the background and age of your associate
– Younger citizens have accepted the concept of shaking hands
– Older citizens have not
– Their grasp is light
– Handshake can be long
– Introductions are always done in order of age and status
– Men and women shake hands
– Women must extend her hand first
– Introductions are also done in the order of age or status
– When being introduced to someone of the opposite sex it is appropriate to nod the head smiling
• Much communication is non-verbal
– Facial expressions
– Various body language
– Watch your own body language

Business Etiquette:
• Business is formal
– The group is valued more than the individual
– Strict chain of command
• Personal relationships are the base for business relationships
– Matter of being within the proper network
– Result of long personal relationships and proper introductions
– Once recognized within the group you are expected to obey the set of unwritten rules
– These relationships will take time to develop
– Be patient
– Must show that your company is there for long-tern and not just short term gains
– Rank is highly respected
• Appointments should be made at least 2 weeks in advance
– The formal way is to write to the person concerned
– Most will schedule through email, fax, or by phone
• During negotiations a strict hierarchy must be followed
– Wait to be told where to sit
– Negotiations will be slow pace
– They will give at least 15 seconds of a respectful pause before answering questions
– Avoid losing face
– Losing your temper or face will damage your relationship
– Decisions will be consensus driven
• Business cards are exchanged after initial introductions
– Exchange with both hands
– Have one side translated into Mandarin or the appropriate language
– Examine business cards carefully before putting them away
– Treat them with respect
– Maintain your own in the best condition

Contributions (2)

  • Stephanie - Markham Branch says...

    When in Singapore, you can buy an EZLink Card which is used for transportation on the buses and train system, it is more convenient to pay for fares than paying by cash (it is like the Canadian PRESTO card). In Singapore, other than the places to see listed, you can go to Marina Bay Sands Hotel and pay $25 to look at the nice view up top at the hotel and the famous infinity pool. Another place is a food centre, it is called Chomp Chomp located at Serangoon Gardens, accessible by taking the train to Serangoon station, and then taking the cab for 5-10 minutes. The most traditional Singaporean food can be found there, a must try is the sting-ray dish that goes around for about 10-15 Singapore dollars. Food prices in Singapore is quite expensive (especially in popular restaurants like McDonalds, Burger King, any North American restaurants you find here). The best place to eat traditional food at a good price is at Hawker Centres (normally, they are outdoors, and it is not as fancy, but the food is delicious), and you can normally get a plate of food for 5 to 7 Singapore dollars. At night, visitors can travel to Clark Quay and sit by the bars to enjoy Singapore Sling for about $15 Singapore dollars.

    Posted on Tuesday, June 12th 2012 at 3:57 pm

  • Angela says...

    Don’t bring or chew any chewing gum… ILLEGAL and can be placed in jail if caught. Since 2004, only chewing gum of therapeutic value is allowed into Singapore following the Singapore–United States Free Trade Agreement.

    Posted on Tuesday, June 19th 2012 at 3:27 pm

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