Nepal

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About

Elephant With Rider in National Park

  • Nepal is a landlocked country in Southern Asia, between the Tibet autonomous region of China and India.
  • It contains eight of the world’s 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest – the worlds tallest.
  • The official language of Nepal is Nepali.
  • English and a number of other languages are also spoken.
  • Majority of the people in Nepal are Hindus, followed by Buddhists and Muslims.
  • Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass and the 41st most populous country
  • Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and the country’s largest metropolis.

HISTORY

  • While Nepal is an ancient land, it has only been a country for about 300 years.
  • The Rana’s autocracy lasted for more than 104 years. While they remained the most unpopular dynasty, they did have their important roles in defending the country from British and Indian Armies.
  • Nepali Congress Party becomes the first Political Party of Nepal


FACTS

    Tilicho Lake

    • Nepal is one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world.
    • Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha, is located in Nepal.
    • Nepal’s Flag is the only national flag in the world that is not quadrilateral in shape.
    • The modern state of Nepal was formed on 21st December 1768, after the ‘Unification of Nepal’ by Prithvi Narayan Shah.
    • Tourism, carpets, textiles, small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes; cement and brick production are the main industries in Nepal.
    • Eight of the highest peaks of the world are situated in Nepal.
    • Mount Everest (8,848 metres), the highest peak in the world, forms the highest point in Nepal.
    • Initially, Kathmandu was known as Kantipur, meaning City of Glory, which is now the name of a Nepalese daily newspaper.
    • The Parliament of Nepal restricted the political powers of the king, in May 2006.
    • In December 2007, the Parliament of Nepal took the decision to abolish monarchy.
    • In Nepal, touching anything with your feet is considered as an offence.
    • According to Hindu mythology, God Shiva resides in the Himalaya.

Avg. Costs

Durbar Square

  • Budget accommodation in Nepal ranges from around 250 NPR to around 750 NPR for a double.
  • Trekking – An independent porter costs about $2-$3 US a day, and a guide costs about $4-$6 US.

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Currency

Information is coming soon.

Safety

Jungle

  • Trek with Others: Never trek alone; if you run into trouble or take a tumble no one will know. Trekking with an agency assures the greatest security.
  • Security: Watch your gear carefully in lodges and on the trail. Don’t be showy with expensive items, and always lock your room or baggage.
  • High Altitude Sickness: Find out more from your agent or the Himalayan Rescue Association (HRA) about this sickness and helicopter rescue options. Always register your trekking plans with your embassy, consulate or HRA. Beware of other trail hazards, watch where you are going and don’t over-extend yourself.
  • Eating and Drinking: Never eat unpeeled fruit or vegetables unless you know they’ve been adequately soaked in solution. Drink only after water is boiled or iodized. Always wash your hands before eating.

 

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Climate

Rice Field Terraces

  • Nepal has a Monsoonal climate with four main seasons – though traditionally a year was categorized into six distinct climate periods: Basanta (spring), Grishma (early summer), Barkha (summer monsoon), Sharad (early autumn), Hemanta (late autumn) and Shishir (winter).

 

Below is a general guide to conditions at different seasons:

  • Heavy monsoonal rains from June to September
  • Clear and cool weather from October to December
  • Cold from January to March, with the temperature in Kathmandu often dropping as low as 0°C (32°F) at night, with extreme cold at high elevations.
  • Dry and warm weather from April to June – there is an abundance of blooming flowers in the Himalayas at this time, with rhododendrons, in particular, adding a splash of color to the landscape.

Places to See

Swayambhunath

Durbar Square
Protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Durbar Square is the religious and social heart of Kathmandu’s old city and is a complex of palaces, temples, shrines, statues and courtyards built between the 12th and 18th centuries by the ancient kings of Nepal.

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Swayambhunath Stupa
The golden spire of the 5th-century Swayambhu stupa is adorned with a colorful fluttering of prayer flags; it crowns a hill overlooking the Kathmandu Valley and offers fantastic views over the city of Kathmandu.

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Royal Chitwan National Park
Of the 14 national parks and reserves in Nepal, the Royal Chitwan National Park is the oldest and the most popular safari destination for visitors. Situated in the sub-tropical Tarai lowlands, the jungle is home to endangered animals such as the one-horned rhinoceros and the Royal Bengal tiger. Other animals include leopards, wild elephants, Indian bison, sloth bears, crocodiles, pythons, monitor lizards, pangolins, and over 400 species of birds.

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Bhaktapur
Lying just 22 miles (35km) east of Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, also known as the City of Devotees, was the capital of the Kathmandu Valley during the 14th to 16th centuries, and the wealth of fabulous architectural showpieces, soaring pagodas, richly ornamented houses and medieval layout is testament to this period.

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Pashupatinath Temple
One of the most sacred Hindu shrines in the world, Pashupatinath is one of the major temples devoted to Shiva (Pashupatinath) on the Indian subcontinent and attracts thousands of Hindi pilgrims each year. Shiva is the patron deity of Nepal. The Temple of Pashupatinath stands on the banks of the holy Bagmati River, a tributary of the Ganges, and is renowned for its beautiful architecture.

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Boudhanath Stupa
Boudhanath Stupa is the largest stupa in the Kathmandu Valley at about 131ft (40m) high, and one of the largest and most important Buddhist stupas in the world. Address: Four miles (6km) east of Kathmandu

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Changu Narayan Temple
Dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu, Changu Narayan Temple is situated on a ridge overlooking the Kathmandu Valley, and is one of the oldest and most impressive examples of pagoda architecture in Nepal.

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Etiquette

Communication Etiquette:
• All meetings begin with palms pressed together at chest level
– “Namaste” is the typical common greeting
– Handshakes are common after the initial greeting
– Women will perform the same ritual
– Always use the right hand when shaking
• When conversing an arm’s length or slightly more is appropriate
• Men and women do not show any form of physical affection in public
• They will tell you what you want to hear
– Best to be patient
• Direct eye contact only when you are speaking to members of the same gender
• Being on time is no generally valued
– Good idea to show up on time
• Public buses don’t always run on time
– Traffic is unpredictable

Business Etiquette:
• Use titles to address one another
o They may expect you to directly ask, “What is your name?”
 They will give you the name to which you should call them
• Business attire is formal
o Men – coat and tie for meetings and initial greetings or corporate setting – casual slacks are usual for men to wear to work daily
o Women – Business suit if you live within the city – long slacks or long skirts
 Short skirts and very reveling clothing is not appropriate
o Management makes most of the decisions without staff input – top down is very common from place to place

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