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Cave and Crystal Clear Water

  • Malta is considered an island country in the Mediterranean Sea, that lies south of the island of Sicily, Italy.
  • The country is an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited.
  • The official languages are Maltese and English. Italian is widely understood and spoken.
  • The island of Malta is made up of rock and limestone. There are no mountains, rivers or lakes. The appearance is emphasized by scores of drystone walls that flank fields, terraces and slopes, gardens and paths.


  • 1996 – Labour Party, led by Alfred Sant, regains power and shelves application for EU membership.
  • 1998 – Eddie Fenech Adami’s Nationalist Party returns to power, revives application to enter EU.
  • 1999 – Guido de Marco sworn in as president.
  • 2002 December – EU summit in Copenhagen formally invites Malta to join in 2004.
  • 2003 March – Just over 53% of voters say yes to EU membership in a referendum.
  • 2003 April – Adami’s ruling Nationalist Party claims victory in a general election, confirming the pro-EU referendum result.
  • 2004 March – Lawrence Gonzi sworn in as prime minister following retirement of veteran leader Edward Fenech Adami.
  • 2004 May – Malta is one of 10 new states to join the EU.
  • 2005 July – Parliament ratifies proposed EU constitution.



    • In the past, there used to be a bridge connecting Malta with Sicily.
    • Malta was earlier known as Melita, meaning the island of honey, by ancient Greeks and Romans.
    • Malta is believed to have served as the site for the legendary city of Atlantis.
    • The University of Malta was founded way back in the year 1592.
    • In 1798, Malta was taken over by Napoleon, who ended the Inquisition introduced by the Knights.
    • Malta’s Grand Harbor boasts of being one of the best natural deep-water harbors in the world.
    • The first trade union in Malta was formed by Maltese teachers in the year 1919. It was known as ‘Malta Union of Teachers’.
    • Tourism, electronics, ship building and repair form the major industries in Malta.
    • Christmas is a largely religious affair on the Maltese islands. This is due to the fact that most Maltese people are Catholics.
    • Maltese cuisine draws its influences from Italian cuisine.
    • To ease the water shortage, five reverse osmosis plants were set up some years ago to convert seawater to fresh water, and this now produces half of the islands consumption of water.

Avg. Costs

Blue Grotto, Gozo Island

  • Bus fare – 0.50€ Taxi – 15€ (35€ long ride)
  • 30 min Sea plane ride – 90€
  • At the supermarket – Maltese bread for example cost only around 0.50€ and you can buy a packet of six 2 liter bottles for less than 2.50€.
  • Malta restaurant prices are more expensive. A two course meal (starter and main dish) for 1 person will cost a minimum of 12€ and a maximum of 40€.
  • A whole 12 inch pizza will cost around 8€, whilst a beef fillet taken as a main course can cost anything between 15€ to 30€, depending the restaurant.
  • A pint of beer will cost around €1.50 the most from a bar in a touristic location

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  • Malta is considered as one of the safest in the world with little violent crime or political disturbances.
  • As with the advent of low cost air travel coming to Malta, it has brought an influx of teens from across Europe enjoying short cheap weekend breaks in the sun.


Click here to see Canadian Government Travel Reports and Warnings on  Travel Reports offer information on safety and security, local laws and customs, entry requirements, health conditions and other important travel issues.


Maltese Street at Night

  • Malta’s climate is influenced by the Mediterranean Sea and is similar to other Mediterranean climates.
  • Winters are wet and windy. Summers are virtually guaranteed to be dry and hot.

Places to See

Testaferrata Palace


  • The water temperature varies from a cool 14°C in February/March to warm 26°C in August.
  • The visibility of water is generally high.
  • The dive sites are located close to shore and most dives start from shore thus making it easier and cheaper.
  • The dive sites include rocky reefs, some wrecks and cave diving (especially interesting is the dive in the Inland Sea in Gozo).




City Of Valletta

  • The capital of Malta is inextricably linked to the history of the military and charitable Order of St John of Jerusalem.

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Hal Saflieni Hypogeum

  • The Hypogeum is an enormous subterranean structure excavated c. 2500 B.C., using cyclopean rigging to lift huge blocks of coralline limestone.
  • Perhaps originally a sanctuary, it became a necropolis in prehistoric times.

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Megalithic Temples of Malta

  • Seven megalithic temples are found on the islands of Malta and Gozo, each the result of an individual development.
  • The two temples of Ggantija on the island of Gozo are notable for their gigantic Bronze Age structures.
  • On the island of Malta, the temples of Hagar Qin, Mnajdra and Tarxien are unique architectural masterpieces, given the limited resources available to their builders.
  • The Ta’Hagrat and Skorba complexes show how the tradition of temple-building was handed down in Malta.

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Victoria Lines Fortifications

  • The Victoria Lines are a line of fortifications flanked by defensive towers, that spans 12 kilometres along the width of the Island of Malta, dividing the north of the island from the more heavily populated south.




Fort St. Elmo

  • Fort Saint Elmo is a fortification in Valletta, Malta.
  • It stands on the seaward shore of the Sciberras Peninsula that divides Marsamxett Harbour from Grand Harbour, and commands the entrances to both harbours.

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Ghar Dalem Cave

  • Meaning “Cave of Darkness” is a prehistorical cul de sac located on the outskirts of Birzebbuga, Malta containing the bone remains of animals stranded and subsequently became extinct on Malta at the end of the Ice age.
  • Dwarf elephant, hippopotamus, deer and bear bone deposits found there are of a different age; the hippopotamuses became extinct about 180,000 years ago, whilst the deer species became extinct much later, about 18,000 years ago.
  • It is also here that the earliest evidence of human settlement on Malta, some 7,400 years ago, was discovered.
  • The cave was first scientifically investigated in 1885 but was not opened to the public until 1933. It was used as an air-raid shelter during World War II.
  • A museum is now set up on site.

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Communication Etiquette:
• Family is a big part of the culture in Malta with many generations living under the same roof
• The most common greeting is the handshake
– Quick and firm
– This is done during initial greeting and when leaving
– Punctuality is very important when arriving to meetings
• Divorce is illegal in Malta
• When invited into the home
– Dress stylish
– And bring a small house gift

Business Etiquette:
• Make your appointment a few weeks in advance
– Arrive on time as it is very important
• Dress is conservative
– Men – dark suit and silk tie with polished shoes
– Women – dress modestly in a business suit blouse or skirt
– Nothing too flashy
• Business cards are exchanged either at the beginning or the end of the meeting
– Print in Maltese on one side

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