Lebanon

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About

• Lebanon is a small country within the Middle East region, bordered by Syria to the north and east, and Israel to the south.
• It has approximately 3.7 million inhabitants.
• Lebanon has a long coastline on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea
• The people of Lebanon comprise a wide variety of ethnic groups and religions, with the majority split between Christian, Muslim and Druzes.
• Beirut is the capital and largest city of Lebanon.
• Almost all Lebanese speak Standard Arabic, while many people also speak English and/or French. While English is the first foreign language of most younger people, older people usually speak French as their first foreign language.

HISTORY

    • After World War I, France was given a League of Nations mandate over Lebanon
    • Lebanon’s independence was proclaimed on Nov. 26, 1941, but full independence came in stages.
    • The evacuation of French troops from Lebanon was completed in 1946.
    • Civil war broke out in 1958, and at Chamoun’s request, President Eisenhower, on July 15, sent U.S. troops to reestablish the government’s authority.
    • Byblos, Beirut, and Sidon are among the oldest continuously populated cities in the world.


FACTS

    • Lebanon, in terms of geographical area occupied, is a little larger than half the size of the American state of Connecticut.
    • The name ‘Lebanon’ appears 75 times in the Old Testament of the Bible?
    • Lebanon is a country that is blessed with over forty-two universities with over seventy percent of its students getting the privilege to attend private schools.
    • Jesus Christ is believed to have performed his first miracle in Lebanon
    • The name ‘Lebanon’ has been known to mankind for the past 4000 years. The country’s name in fact is the oldest name in the world today.
    • Lebanon boasts of being the country with the most published books per capita.
    • The first law school in the world is believed to have been built in the country.
    • Lebanon has fifteen rivers, all of which flow down from its mountains.

Avg. Costs

• Rooftop: Mattresses, blankets and pillows provided – approx. 15000 LL ($10 USD)
• Dorm Room: Usually 3-5 beds per dorm – approx. 15000 – 25000 LL ($10 – $17 USD)
• Single Room: Either with shared/private bathroom – approx. 45000 LL ($30 USD)
• Double Room: With private bathroom – approx. 60000 – 90000 LL ($40 – $60 USD)
• Falafel sandwiches and chicken shawarmas: 2500 – 6000 LL ($1.66 – $4 USD)
• Lebanese Fast Food (manakeesh, hummos, kebabs): 4000 – 7500 LL ($2.66 – $5 USD)
• Bakery items (mini-pizzas & pastries): 1500 – 4500 LL ($1 – $3 USD)
• Salads: 4000 – 7500 LL ($3 – $5 USD)
• Mid-range Lebanese restaurant: 12000 – 16500 LL per person
• Hip pizza café: 20000 – 30000 LL per person
• Non-Lebanese ethnic cuisine: 20,000+ LL per person
• Upscale meal in downtown Beirut: 60,000+ LL per person for meal with wine
• Buses (Journey of approx. an hour): 1500 LL per person and shared minivans cost around 3000 LL per person.
• Internet (One hour): 3000 LL

Currency

Information is coming soon.

Safety

• The vast majority of Lebanese are friendly, and most tourists experience no problems. Nevertheless tensions with neighboring Israel can erupt (but are usually confined to South Lebanon) and therefore travelers should follow the independent press while in the country.
• In general, the Israeli borders and any Palestinian refugee camps should be avoided.
• Visitors should always register with their respective embassies once they enter Lebanon and keep up-to-date regarding any travel warnings regarding Lebanon.

Climate

• Lebanon has a temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and cold, wet winters.
• Summer is usually the most popular time for people to visit, as there is virtually no rain between June and August.
• The temperatures in Summer range between about 20-30°C (68-86°F). However, there can be occasional heatwaves with the temperature rising, and generally, it can be very, very humid along the coast line during the summer months.
• It is somewhat dryer and somewhat cooler in the mountains of Lebanon.
• Autumn and spring are also good times to visit, with a bit more rain, but without the tourist crowds attracted in summer, and also with considerable less humidity.
• Snow falls for a large part of winter in the mountain regions that form a large portion of the country, and there are numerous ski resorts. However, the coast is still relatively mild, with maximums rarely falling below 13°C (55°F), although it can fall much lower than that and has on many occasions.

Places to See

Byblos
• Byblos is a Mediterranean city located in Lebanon. The city was founded around 5000 BC and was named Gibelet at the time of crusades.
• The major attractions in the city are the Ancient Phoenician Temples, Byblos Castle, Medieval City Wall, Byblos Wax Museum, and St. John the Baptist Church.

Corniche Beirut
• Corniche Beirut is a seashore esplanade located in the Beirut, Lebanon.
• The area here features of palm trees in a sequence and offers stunning views of the Mediterranean.
• The highest point of the Mount Lebanon can be seen from here.
• The Corniche is a favorite spot for bikers, walkers, and joggers.
• In addition a number of public events and local festivals are held at the Corniche which is one of the major attractions.

Jeita Grotto
• Jeita Grotto is a series of Karstic limestone caves located 18 kilometers from the Beirut, Lebanon.
• The grotto has a series of chambers known as lower caves and upper caves.
• The Jeita caves are found between the western mountains and are 330 feet above sea level. The caves formation is a result of limestone dissolution.

Sidon
• Sidon is Lebanon’s third largest city located about 48 kilometers from the Beirut.
• The city has a population of 200,000 and the people here are mainly Greek Catholic, Maronite, and Muslim Sunni and Shiite.
• The city has a history that dates back to 4000 BC and was an important Phoenician city at the time. Glass manufacturing was the main occupation of the Phoenician era.
• During the Roman era, a number of monuments and theatres were built.
• At the time of the Byzantine period a massive earthquake hit the town in 551 AD and the majority of the constructions were destroyed leaving the town in ruins.

Tyre
• The city of Tyre is located to the south of Lebanon city and it is one of the major cities in the Phoenician era.
• The Tyre city is Lebanon’s fourth largest city with a population of about 318,000.
• It is a major tourist stop because of the numerous ancient sites, among them, is the famous Roman Hippodrome.
• Tyre is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site for its historical constructions.
• The city features a number of monuments dating back to 1500 BC; the people of this period were the world’s leading merchants.

Baalbek
• Baalbek is a small town situated in the Bakaa Valley, Lebanon.
• The city has several monumental ruined temples during the roman period.
• The city serves as the venue for the festival called Baalbek International that happens once in a year.
• The Baalbek temple is said to be one of the holiest and peaceful places and it is the biggest stone construction in the entire world.

Etiquette

• Lebanon, in terms of geographical area occupied, is a little larger than half the size of the American state of Connecticut.
• The name ‘Lebanon’ appears 75 times in the Old Testament of the Bible?
• Lebanon is a country that is blessed with over forty-two universities with over seventy percent of its students getting the privilege to attend private schools.
• Jesus Christ is believed to have performed his first miracle in Lebanon
• The name ‘Lebanon’ has been known to mankind for the past 4000 years. The country’s name in fact is the oldest name in the world today.
• Lebanon boasts of being the country with the most published books per capita.
• The first law school in the world is believed to have been built in the country.
• Lebanon has fifteen rivers, all of which flow down from its mountains.

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