Ireland (Southern)

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  • The Republic of Ireland consists of 26 countries.
  • The population of Ireland is predominantly of Celtic origin.
  • About 94% of the people of Ireland are Roman Catholics, and less than 4% are Protestants.
  • Almost all the people speak English, and about one-fourth also speak Irish, a Gaelic language that is the traditional tongue of Ireland.
  • Terrain is mostly level to rolling interior plain surrounded by rugged hills and low mountains; sea cliffs on west coast
  • Irish cuisine can be described as hearty; virtually all traditional meals involve meat (especially lamb and pork), potatoes, and cabbage
  • Ireland is known for its most famous variety of beer, Guinness. It is brewed in Dublin and available throughout the country.
  • Visitors to Ireland will find the Irish one of the nicest nationalities in the world. It is not uncommon for locals to approach confused looking visitors and offer their help.
  • When driving on rural roads, particularly where a driver has to pull in to allow you to pass, it is customary to wave thanks to the other driver, by raising your hand from the steering wheel.


Popular Cities

  • Dublin – the capital and the country’s largest city. Known for its excellent pubs, fine architecture and good shopping
  • Cork – second largest city in the Republic of Ireland
  • Galway – a city on the river Corrib on the west coast of Ireland. Famous for its festivals and its location on Galway Bay
  • Killarney – Possibly the most popular tourist destination in Ireland
  • Kilkenny- attractive medieval town, known as the Marble City
  • Waterford- Ireland’s oldest city. Waterford is a popular visit for those who want to learn more about the most ancient history of Ireland



  • Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C.
  • Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014.
  • English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle
  • In 1921, The Republic of Ireland gained independence from the UK along with 26 southern counties. Six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK, even today.
  • In 1948, The Republic of Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth
  • The Republic of Ireland joined the European Community in 1973


    • The Republic of Ireland is a sovereign state and covers about 80% of the Irish island.
    • Traditionally, Ireland was divided into four provinces: Connacht, Leinster, Munster, and Ulster. (All of which you can see from the top of the Hill of Tara, ceremonial center of Ancient Ireland.)
    • Between the 13th and 17th centuries Ireland was divided into 32 counties; six in the north and twenty-six in what is now the Republic of Ireland.Ireland has fewer plant and animal species than Britain or mainland Europe. That’s because Ireland became an island very shortly after the last Ice Age about 10,000 years ago.
    • There are only 26 land mammal species that are native to Ireland.
    • Until medieval times Ireland was heavily forested with oak, pine, beech and birch. Forests now cover about 9%, or one million acres, of the country.
    • Dublin has two completely different names in the Irish Language! Dubh Linn and Baile Átha Cliath.
    • Dublin is home to many of Ireland’s most famous musicians, from the Dubliners and Thin Lizzy to Sinead O’Connor and U2.

Avg. Costs

  • Hostel – €20 to 25
  • Hotel 1 bed standard –  €60 to 80
  • Hotel luxury – €120
  • Full Irish breakfast – €8 and up
  • Lunch – €5 and up
  • Pub Dinner – €10 and up
  • Dinner – €20 and up
  • Glass of wine – €5
  • Bottle of wine – €15
  • Fast food – €15
  • Soup starter meal – €10
  • Pint of Guiness – €3.60 to €7.50 (Higher priced in Dublin)
  • Admission of sightseeing  €5 to €6
  • From Dublin to Sligo – Bus €19, Train €32 to €44
  • Average cost in Dublin per day – €50


Information is coming soon.



  • The country has one of the lowest crime rates among industrialized countries
  • The last Saturday in August is known as “Black Saturday” which is the end of the marching season. This time of the year has been known to get a little unruly. It is best to stay away from places that appear to have large rowdy crowds.
  • Pickpockets have been known to occur but are fairly rare. It’s perfectly safe to walk the main streets with out worrying about your safety.


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Church in Dublin

  • Ireland locals often say that you can expect four seasons in one day!
  • Ireland has generally warm summers and mild winters, and is considerably warmer than other areas on its latitude. This is due to the fact it lies in the Atlantic Ocean, and as a result is warmed by the Gulf Stream all year.
  • Temperatures averaging 35°-45°F in winter and 65°-75°F in summer
  • With snow rare and summers temperate, Ireland has been called the “land of perpetual spring.”
  • It can be cool in May/June and warm in September/October — or vice versa.
  • Air frost occurs frequently in the winter, with most areas seeing over 40 days of air frost every year.

Places to See

Temple Bar Hotel

  • Dublin’s Cultural Quarter, is a maze of cobbled streets nestled in the heart of the city on the south bank of the River Liffey
  • A ‘must see’ for everyone, it is home to more than 50 cultural organizations
  • Take a stroll through Meeting House Square and enjoy the taste and aromas from the food stalls at the Temple Bar Food Market, browse the books at the Temple Bar Book Market or discover some of Ireland’s up and coming fashion designers at the Designer Mart on Cow’s Lane

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Blarney Stone

  • Blarney Stone is a block of bluestone built into the battlements of Blarney Castle
  • It is located about 8 kilometers (5 mi) from Cork, Ireland
  • According to legend, kissing the stone endows the kisser with the gift of great eloquence or skill at flattery
  • The stone was set into a tower of the castle in 1446
  • The castle is a popular tourist site in Ireland, attracting visitors from all over the world to kiss the stone and tour the castle and its gardens

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Cliffs of Moher

  • Located in County Clare, Ireland
  • The cliffs rise 120 meters (390 ft) above the Atlantic Ocean at Hag’s Head, and reach their maximum height of 214 meters (702 ft) just north of O’Brien’s Tower, eight kilometers away
  • The views from the cliffs attract close to one million visitors per year
  • O’Brien’s Tower is a round stone tower at the approximate midpoint of the cliffs

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Dublin Castle

  • The castle was originally built in the 13th century on a site previously settled by the Vikings
  • Dublin Castle functioned as a military fortress, a prison, treasury, courts of law and the seat of English Administration in Ireland for 700 years
  • It was rebuilt in the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th centuries
  • Dublin Castle is now used for important State receptions and Presidential Inaugurations
  • The State Apartments, Undercroft, Chapel Royal, Craft Shop, Heritage Centre and Restaurant are open to visitors

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Boyne Valley

  • The Boyne Valley is located in the North-East of Ireland and encompasses counties Louth and Meath
  • It is Ireland’s most popular holiday location
  • Boyne valley complex is recognized as one of the jewels in Europe’s megalithic crown
  • The passage mounds of Newgrange, Knowth and Dowth were built around 3200 BC, and the huge investment in labour and technical expertise reflects the importance of this particular site to the Neolithic builders


Kilkenny City

  • Kilkenny City is a vibrant, flourishing city with a fascinating medieval history and a thriving crafts industry
  • It is located in County Kilkenny in the South of Ireland and is one of the country’s most appealing cities to visit
  • With an 800-year-old Norman castle looking over the ancient streets, Kilkenny City has transformed itself into a hip, cosmopolitan destination with a diverse range of restaurants, lively pubs and bars
  • The city also hosts one of the world’s top comedy festivals, The Cat Laughs Comedy Festival, with acts from all over the globe offering excellent entertainment

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Fota Wildlife Park

  • Fota Wildlife Park was opened in 1983
  • It is located in County Cork
  • The park is set on 75 acres (300,000 m2), and is home to nearly 30 mammal and 50 bird species
  • Many of the animals roam freely with the visitors, such as the ring-tailed lemurs and squirrel monkeys

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Galway Cathedral

  • Galway Cathedral is situated on the banks of the River Corrib in Galway city
  • It is the most recently built of Europe’s great stone cathedrals, and is the centre of a vibrant community
  • The cathedral is one of the largest and most impressive buildings in the city
  • Construction began in 1958 on the site of the old city jail, and in 1965 was finally dedicated by Cardinal Richard Cushing to Our Lady Assumed into Heaven (Mary, mother of Jesus) and St Nicholas

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Killarney National Park

  • Killarney National Park is located beside the town of Killarney, County Kerry, Ireland
  • It was the first national park established in Ireland, created when Muckross Estate was donated to the Irish state in 1932.
  • The park encompasses over 102.89 km2 (25,425 acres)
  • It has Ireland’s only native herd of Red Deer and the most extensive covering of native forest remaining in Ireland
  • The park was designated a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in 1981

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Sligo Abbey

  • A ruined abbey in Sligo, Ireland
  • It was originally built in 1253 by the order of Maurice Fitzgerald, Baron of Offaly
  • It was destroyed in 1414 by a fire, ravaged during the Tyrone War in 1595 and once more in 1641 during the Ulster Uprising
  • The friars moved out in the 18th century, but Lord Palmerston restored the Abbey in the 1850s
  • The site contains a great wealth of carvings including Gothic and Renaissance tomb sculpture, well preserved cloister and the only sculptured 15th century high altar to survive in any Irish monastic church

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Carrowmore Megalithic Cemetery

  • This is the largest cemetery of megalithic tombs in Ireland and is also among the country’s oldest, with monuments ranging from five and a half thousand to six and a half thousand years old
  • Archaeologists have recorded over 60 tombs of which 30 are visible
  • A restored cottage houses an exhibition relating to the site

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Communication Etiquette:
• Often use stories and various anecdotes to create a well crafted message
• Appreciate modesty
– Dislike those who brag
– Dislike loud obnoxious people
• People vary from being direct to indirect
• Do not like confrontation
– Like humor
– Respect is highly valued
• Pretty casual and use first names regularly

Business Etiquette:
• Meetings vary from being very structured to not structured at all
• Expect small talk at beginning of meetings
– Often times meetings take place at restaurants and pubs
– Expect a great deal of discussion
– Everyone contributes
• Generally less formal
– Often looked as a lot more friendlier than other European countries
• Handshakes should be firm
– Beginning and End of meetings
– Smile!
– Eye contact – shows trust
• Many of the business people may not have business cards

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