US – Hawaii

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About

• Hawaii is the 50th state in the United States of America.
• It is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an Archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean.
• Hawaii is one of four states, besides the original thirteen, that were independent prior to becoming part of the United States.
• The state of Hawaii consists of eight main islands: Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe and the Big Island of Hawaii.
• Honolulu is the state capital and the most populous city.
• Population of Hawaii is approximately 1,375,000.
• The state of Hawaii has two official languages recognized in its 1978 constitution: English and Hawaiian. Hawaii Creole English is the native language of many born-and-raised residents and is a second language for many other residents.
• There are no racial or ethnic majorities in Hawaii. About 30% of Hawaii’s residents are Caucasian. Asians make up about 40%. Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders make up about 9% of the population.
• Hawaii’s Big Island is the largest of the Hawaiian Islands with a land mass of 4,028 square miles – twice the combined size of the other islands.
• One of the most common ways that local food is served is in the form of plate lunch, usually meat or fish with two scoops of rice and macaroni salad.

HISTORY

• Polynesians migrated to, and established communities on, the islands of Hawaii before the arrival of Captain James Cook in 1778.
• The Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown in 1893 by a group of American businessmen.
• The islands became a territory in 1900.
• Hawaii joined the union on August 21, 1959, and is the only U.S. state made up entirely of islands.
• Hawaii became an important outpost for the U.S. military through the 20th century, and Pearl Harbor was the site of the Japanese attack on December 7, 1941.
• Hawaii has the longest predicted life expectancies of any U.S. state.

INTERESTING FACTS

• Hawaii is the most isolated population center on the face of the earth.
• Hawaii is the only state that grows coffee.
• More than one-third of the world’s commercial supply of pineapples comes from Hawaii.
• There are only 12 letters in the Hawaiian alphabet.
• From east to west Hawaii is the widest state in the United States.
• The Hawaiian Islands are the projecting tops of the biggest mountain range in the world.
• Under-sea volcanoes that erupted thousands of years ago formed the islands of Hawaii.
• Iolani Palace is the only royal palace in the United States.
• The world’s largest wind generator is on the island of Oahu. The windmill has two blades 400 feet long on the top of a tower twenty stories high.
• The island of Oahu draws more visitors than any other to Hawaii. One-third of the state’s best surfing beaches are on Oahu.

Avg. Costs

• A basic, double-occupancy room in a 3-star hotel can cost anywhere from approximately $120 to $200 per night
• If you’re on a budget and book a room with a kitchenette, you can spend as little as $40 to $60 a day on food, if you buy food to keep in the room.
• If you’re planning a romantic dinner for two at an upscale restaurant, the ticket can add up to more than a $100 a night–not including breakfast and lunch.
• Plan on spending at least $100 to $150 a day on food, if you’re searching for a happy medium.
• Plan to spend somewhere between $150 for an economy car to $300 dollars for a minivan a week.

Currency

Information is coming soon.

Safety

• Sunscreen is essential since Hawaii’s close proximity to the Equator translates into very strong sun radiation.
• While violent crimes are unheard of these days, car break-ins and robberies are common.
• The beaches in Waianae are dangerous places, routinely watched by thieves just waiting to break into cars for anything they can steal.
• Chinatown is an exciting and fun place to visit during the day. But at night, the area is not one of the safe places in Honolulu.
• If you plan to go hiking in the backcountry or go swimming in freshwater pools in Hawaii, be advised of the risk of catching leptospirosis. Leptospirosis generally causes flu-like symptoms; in rare cases it can be fatal.
• Do not swim in freshwater pools if you have open sores; see a doctor if you develop flu-like symptoms after hiking or swimming.

Ocean Safety Checklist:
• Be honest about your swimming ability. The ocean is not a swimming pool.
• Never turn your back on the ocean. Being hit by a wave while you’re not watching can cause serious injury. Waves can sneak up on one.
• If you get caught in a current do not struggle against it. Rip currents are usually narrow, so calmly swim perpendicular to the current direction to get out of it, and then you will be able to swim back to shore.
• Never take your eye off children in the water, no matter how calm the ocean.
• Remember, people can also drown after being swept off rocks. Watching big waves from rocks next to the ocean is a very dangerous activity. Know the surf report before you approach any exposed location.
• A current can pull you away even in waist high water.
• Boogie board in conditions that suit your skill level.
• The ocean can be extremely inviting even in dangerous conditions. When in doubt don’t go out.

Climate

• Overall, Hawaii is warm and balmy.
• The average daytime temperature in July is 82°F. The average daytime temperature in January is 72°F.
• Very rarely does the air temperature exceed 90°F even in the hottest part of summer.
• The wind blows east to west in Hawaii.
• On the same day, on Oahu you might find sun over the beaches in Waikiki and rain only a few miles away in Manoa Valley.
• Although the islands receive abundant amounts of both sunshine and rain, rain is more likely on the north and east sides of the islands. The tropical air carried by the trade winds is forced upward by the mountains, resulting in clouds and rain.
• The wet season in Hawaii is roughly from October to March. The dry season is from April to September.
• Hurricane season in the islands runs from June to November.

Places to See

Places to see are coming soon.

Etiquette

• Always remove your footwear when entering the home of an island resident, if so invited.
• There are many temples in the Islands, where the ancient Hawaiian religion was practiced. Some of these have become tourist attractions in their own right, but visitors should nevertheless treat these places with the same level of respect one would show at a place of worship.
• When visiting a home, it is considered good manners to bring a small gift (for example, a dessert) for one’s host.
• It is customary for Hawaii families, regardless of ethnicity, to hold a luau to celebrate a child’s first birthday. Polynesian families, especially Samoans, Tongans and Maoris, also commemorate 21st birthdays with lavish parties and feasts.
• It is a tradition for a Japanese-American bride to fold a thousand origami cranes prior to her wedding for good luck and long life.
• It is rude to refer to the locals as “natives” or “Hawaiians”. Only native Hawaiians should be called “Hawaiians”.
• Unless fluent, one should not attempt to speak pidgin English.
• Always take care of the land. Respect the local beaches and land by cleaning up your trash.
• When visiting the Big Island, it is important to not take any black sand or lava rock, as it is said to anger Pele, a Hawaiian goddess.

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