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Cruise Liner in Port Helsinki

  • Finland is in Northern Europe and has borders with Russia to the east, Norway to the north, and Sweden to the west.
  • Around two-thirds of Finland is covered in forest and about a tenth by water.
  • Helsinki is the capital of Finland.
  • Finland has approximately 188,000 lakes, about 10% of the country, and a similar number of islands.
  • In the northernmost part of the country the Northern Lights can be seen in the winter and midnight sun in the summer.
  • The population in Finland is around 5.4 million, with the majority concentrated in the southern region.
  • It is the eighth largest country in Europe in terms of area and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union.
  • Despite living in one of the most technologically developed countries in the world, the Finns love to head to their summer cottages in the warmer months.
  • Finland is officially bilingual in Finnish and Swedish. However about 93% of the population is monolingual in Finnish.
  • In the far north, the sun does not set for around 10 weeks during the ‘White Nights’ of summer, while in winter it does not rise above the horizon for nearly eight weeks.
  • There are at least 60 native mammalian species, 248 breeding bird species, over 70 fish species and 11 reptile and frog species present today, many migrating from neighboring countries thousands of years ago.
  • Finns also claim the mythical mountain of Korvatunturi as the home of Santa Claus.



  • 1100s – Swedish crusades conquer Finns and convert them to Christianity.
  • 1323 – Territory of present-day Finland becomes part of Swedish territory
  • 1808 – Russian invasion of Sweden supported by Napoleon.
  • 1809 – Finland is surrendered to Russia by the Swedes.
  • 1812 – Helsinki becomes capital.
  • 1917 – The Russian Revolution allows Finland to declare its independence.
  • 1918 – Bitter civil war, which leads to some 30,000 deaths.
  • 1919 – Finland becomes a republic. Kaarlo Stahlberg becomes first president.
  • 1939 – Outbreak of World War II. Finland declares its neutrality. In November the Soviet Union invades. The Winter War begins.
  • 1940 – The Treaty of Moscow gives around 10% of Finnish territory to the Soviet Union.
  • 1941 – Finland launches military campaign to retake territory lost under Treaty of Moscow. Britain declares war on Finland in December.
  • 1947 – A peace treaty is signed between Finland and Soviet Union.
  • 1955 – Finland joins United Nations and Nordic Council.
  • 1995 – Finland becomes member of the European Union
  • 2002 – The Euro replaces the Finnish mark.



    • A quarter of the country’s total area lies north of the Arctic Circle.
    • Forest covers about 75% of Finland and water bodies cover about 10 percent of the country.
    • Finland is the seventh largest country in Europe, in terms of area, but has a very low population density.
    • The majority of people in Finland belong to the Evangelical Lutheran Church and a fraction of them follow Finnish Orthodoxy.
    • Initially a part of Sweden, Finland became an autonomous Grand Duchy within the Russian Empire, in 1809. The country declared independence from Russia in 1917 and became a republic in 1919.
    • Finland was one of the last regions in Europe to adopt Christianity.
    • According to the World Audit study of 2006, Finland is the least corrupt and most democratic country in the world.
    • Nokia Corporation, a Finnish company, is amongst the largest mobile manufacturers of the world.
    • Finland is the only country in the world which broadcasts news in Latin.
    • Halti, 1,327 m high Artic hill in Northern Finland, forms the highest point in the country.
    • There are 1.8 million saunas in Finland, of which approximately 500 are traditional smoke saunas.

Avg. Costs

Church in Winter

  • Beer in Helsinki bar – 5 €
  • Nonstop Airport Bus – 6 €
  • Tram ticket in Helsinki (valid for one hour) – 2.20 €
  • Main course in a city restaurant – 10-25 €
  • Hvittrask Museum – 5 €
  • Serena Water Amusement Park – 19 € All day pass
  • Hot Air Balloon Ride – (Aerohot) 180 €
  • Helsinki Zoo – 10 €
  • The Raseborg Castle Ruins – 1 € entrance


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Helsinki Cathedral

  • 112 is the national phone number for all emergency services, including police
  • Crime and violence is low overall.  Most violence is alcohol related or domestic.
  • Walking in the street is usually safe even in the night.
  • The police are generally courteous and speak some English, offering bribes will get you into serious trouble.
  • Transportation danger is low to moderate. Most dangers being from icy roads and sidewalks in the winter, and moose and other animals occasionally crossing the roads.
  • Nature danger is low.  Dangers being blizzards in the winter, and getting lost when hiking in the forests.


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Island on the Lake

  • Finland has a cold but temperate climate
  • Winter temperatures can (very rarely) reach -30°C in the south and even dip below -50°C in the north.
  • The brief Finnish summer is considerably more pleasant, with average temperatures around 20°C-25°C in the South
  • July is the warmest month with temperatures up to 35°C.
  • Early spring from March to April is when the snow starts to melt
  • The months of October to December are wet, rainy, dark and generally miserable. It is said to be the worst time to visit.
  • Due to the extreme latitude, Finland experiences the famous Midnight Sun near the summer solstice. When above the article circle, the sun never sets during the night and even in southern Finland it never really gets dark.
  • The Arctic Night in the winter is when the sun never comes up at all in the North. In the South, daylight is limited to a few short hours with the sun just barely climbing over the trees before it heads down again.

Places to See

Olavinlinna Fortress

Aurajoki River

  • A river in south-western Finland
  • Its sources are in the town of Oripää, and it flows through Pöytyä, Aura and Lieto before discharging into the Archipelago Sea in the middle of the city of Turku
  • The total length of the river is about 70 kilometres (43 mi)
  • It contains eleven rapids, the biggest of which is Nautelankoski at Lieto.
  • The tap water for Turku is drawn from the Aura river, the city waterworks being situated by the Halinen rapids.

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Serena Water Amusement Park

  • Large tropical water park
  • Year-round heated pools, and in summer time an extra area of 1000 miles of outdoor pools
  • Feel the thrill of speed in waterslides and tubes.
  • Let the 140 m long Wild Stream take you in roaring rapids.





  • Hvitträsk was designed to be a studio home for the members of the Finnish architecture firm Gesellius, Lindgren, and Saarinen.
  • It later became the private residence of Eliel Saarinen.
  • It is located about 30 kilometers (18 miles) from Helsinki in Kirkkonummi, Finland.
  • The design was developed and construction began during the year of 1902.
  • The house was named after Lake Vitträsk, on which it was built.
  • The word Hvitträsk means White swamp.

View Map




Helsinki Zoo

  • Located in Korkeasaari
  • In Helsinki Zoo you meet animals all the way from the arctic tundra to the tropical rainforest.
  • Approximately 200 different animal species reside in the Zoo, and there are almost 1000 different plant species.
  • The tropical diversity opens up in Amazonia and Africasia: parrots, snakes, lizards, small monkeys, spiders, insects, frogs and turtles.
  • Borealia introduces the Northern Coniferous Forest; waders and ducks feel at home by the stream side.
  • Arctic rarities – Polar fox, European forest reindeer, Snowy owl and Musk ox – can all be found outside throughout summers and winters.




Raseborg Castle Ruins

  • The Raseborg castle ruins are found in the village of Snappertuna, nowadays part of the city of Ekenäs (Tammisaari) in the region of Western Nyland (Uusimaa) in the southernmost part of Finland.The Raseborg castle ruins, situated on a rock by the river Raseborg, are the remainders of a castle that was probably built in the 14th century, when the rock was still surrounded by water. Raseborg is officially mentioned for the first time in a letter dated 1378. It is a typical medieval castle of a simpler kind that has been constructed over a long time period. There is no other similar castle in Finland.

View Map


Communication Etiquette:
• Greetings often formal
– Firm handshake
– Direct eye contact
– Smile
• Introduce yourself upon meeting
– Both your first and given name
• When greeting a married couple – greet the wife first
• Don’t discuss business at dinner

Business Etiquette:
• They do not need a stable and long-term relationship to do business
• Business style is formal
– Not much small talk
– Focus on business
• They are very good time managers and try to organize everything to accomplish as much as possible
• Although they do not need a personal relationship they are interested in a long-term business relationship
• They are very direct and to the point in negotiation and communication
– They will tell you what they think – not what you may actually want to hear
• Make appointments in advance
– Very hard to meet people without a formal appointment
– Little small talk
– They begin and end on time
– Do not try to impress them through flashy presentations – have hard evidence
• Business attire
– Men – conservative, dark colored suits
– Women – conservative business suits or dresses

Contributions (2)

  • [email protected] says...

    How do I find a map of Finland (or any country) on your site?

    Posted on Sunday, June 17th 2012 at 12:00 pm

  • Krista Hoidge says...

    At the moment we do not have maps of the entire countries posted. However if you visit the Places To See tab, you can view a map of the popular destinations. This also sends you to Google Maps where you can enter your own start and end points, and zoom out to view a map of the whole country.

    Posted on Monday, June 18th 2012 at 3:39 pm

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