Czech Republic

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Old Town Square

  • The Czech Republic is a small country in Central Europe
  • It borders Germany, Austria, Poland and Slovakia
  • The main language spoken is Czech. The Slovak language can also be often heard. Most Czechs speak a second and often a third language. English is the most widely known, especially among younger people. German is probably the most widely spoken second language among older people.



  • Czech Republic is one of the newly formed independent countries in the European continent.
  • Formerly being a part of the Independent Republic of Czechoslovakia that was formed in 1918, Czech Republic split itself from Czechoslovakia into a separate country in 1993.
  • The other part of the previous Czechoslovakia emerged as an independent country by name Slovakia.
  • The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004.



    • Over 92% of the country’s total population comprises of Czech, while the remaining population is divided amongst Slovaks, Germans, Poles, Ukrainians, Vietnamese, Hungarians, Russians, Romani, Bulgarians, and Greeks.
    • Snìžka, at 1,602 m (5,256 ft), is the highest point in the country.
    • The Czech Republic is one of the least religious countries in the world. As per 2005 Eurobarometer Poll, only 19% indicated that they believe in God. About 59% of the population is agnostic, atheist, or non-believer. About 26.8% is Roman Catholic while 2.5% is Protestant.
    • Czech people are the world’s heaviest consumers of beer.
    • Czech Republic is world renowned for its spa cities, especially those along the border with Saxony in Germany. The most famous amongst them include Karlovy Vary, Františkovy Láznì, and Teplice.
    • Škoda Auto, one of the largest car manufacturers in Central Europe, is based in the Czech Republic.
    • Czech Republic is the second richest country in the Eastern Europe, after Slovenia.
    • The country has a total of 46 airports with paved runways with 6 of them providing international air services. The main international airport of Czech Republic is Ruzynì International Airport.
    • The former tennis champion Martina Navratilova, statistically the second best female player of the 20th century behind Steffi Graf, is a Czech.
    • Jaroslav Heyrovský became the first Czech to win a Nobel Prize, in 1959 for his research in polarography and electroanalytical chemistry.

Avg. Costs

  • Accommodation (per night)
    Budget: 300-450 CZK
    Mid-range: 450-1000 CZK
    High: 1000-2400 CZK
    Top: 2400+ CZK
  • HSBC is the major bank. ATMs are located all over. Cash is preferred over credit
  • Taxi, base fare 40 CZK – 20 min ride approx. 330 CZK
  • 5 day bus pass is 500 CZK
  • Lunch for one in a pub 130 CZK, in a café 70 CZK
  • Dinner for two 570 CZK
  • Combo at McDonalds/KFC 105 CZK, Hot dog from vendor 50 CZK
  • Coke/Water/Domestic beer 35 CZK, Imported beer 55 CZK
  • Cigarettes import 82 CZK, local 63 CZK
  • Bottle of Czech wine 120 CZK
  • 30 minute bus ticket 18 CZK, 24 hour 100 CZK
  • Freeway fees: A freeway pass (dálniční známka) is required. It can be purchased at gas stations and the post office. Weekly pass – 250 CZK Monthly pass – 350 CZK Yearly pass – 1,200 CZK


Click here to see The Economist’s Big Mac Index.  It is arguably the world’s most accurate financial indicator to be based on a fast-food item.


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  • Watch your pockets, especially if there is a crowd (sights, subway, and trams)
  • Watch out for large groups of people jostling you. Beware of a particular pickpocket gang operating in Prague – They tend to operate on the 9, 10 and 22 trams, as well as the central metro stations, usually just as people are getting on and off, or on the escalators



  • Driving is extremely dangerous, and it claims almost 118 annual fatalities per million inhabitants. Poorly repaired roads, the lack of safe infrastructure, irregular place markings and a mixture of both late model to old model vehicles is all what makes driving a life threatening experience.


Other than that, the Czech Republic is a very safe country.

Click here to see Canadian Government Travel Reports and Warnings on  Travel Reports offer information on safety and security, local laws and customs, entry requirements, health conditions and other important travel issues.


Sedlec Ossuary

  • The Czech Republic has a temperate continental climate, with relatively hot summers and cold, cloudy and snowy winters. Most rain falls during the summer. The temperature difference between summer and winter is relatively high, due to the landlocked geographical position.
  • From May to September the weather is relatively cool, with showers and thunderstorms being common
  • October, March and April is mostly chilly with rain or snow possible
  • Cold, cloudy and wet with snow and freezing temperatures from November to February
  • Skiing is popular from December to March
  • The coldest month is usually January, followed by February and December. During these months, there is usually snow in the mountains and sometimes in the major cities and lowlands. During March, April and May, the temperature usually increases rapidly, especially during April, when the temperature and weather tends to vary widely during the day. Spring is also characterized by high water levels in the rivers, due to melting snow with occasional flooding.
  • The warmest month of the year is July, followed by August and June. On average, summer temperatures are about 20 degrees higher than during winter. Especially in the last decade temperatures above 30 °C (86 °F) are not unusual. Summer is also characterized by rain and storms.
  • Autumn generally begins in September, which is still relatively warm and dry. During October, temperatures usually fall below 15 °C (59 °F) or 10 °C (50 °F) and deciduous trees begin to shed their leaves. By the end of November, temperatures usually range around the freezing point.

Places to See

Troja Castle

Troja Castle

  • Built in the late 17th Century for Count Vaclav Vojtech of Sternberk and designed by G. D. Orsi.
  • This beautiful baroque castle, intended originally as a summer residence, contains an extraordinary interior, particularly the banqueting hall with murals depicting scenes of the Habsburgs accomplishments.
  • Outside, the double staircase adorned with statues of deities, leads to the main entrance.
  • On display at the Troja Castle is a permanent exhibit of Czech art, primarily from the 19th Century.

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Castle Milotice

  • The Gothic stronghold was rebuilt into a Renaissance castle in the 16th century.
  • The castle gained its today’s form in the 18th century.
  • The historic interiors include period furniture.
  • The castle is surrounded by English park and French garden.



Karlstejn Castle

  • A large Gothic castle founded 1348 AD by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor-elect and King of Bohemia.
  • The castle served as a place for safekeeping the Imperial Regalia as well as the Bohemian coronation jewels, holy relics and other royal treasures.
  • Located about 30 km southwest of Prague above the village named Karlštejn, it is one of the most famous and most frequently visited castles in the Czech Republic

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Sedlec Ossuary

  • Centuries-old bones of around 40,000 people have been crafted into a stunning display of garlands, chandeliers, sculptures and coats of arms.

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  • Stroll the cobbled streets of Telč, and see one of the most perfect examples of a Renaissance town in Europe
  • Also a UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • The town was rebuilt after a fire in 1530
  • Medieval arcades with its gabled and pedimented houses surround the picturesque town square

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  • A former Nazi concentration camp north of Prague.
  • The Ghetto Museum, barracks and isolation cells, execution grounds and mass graves bring the horrors of the Holocaust vividly to mind.

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Bohemian Paradise

  • A region of towering rock formations and isolated castles located north-east of Prague.
  • The gateway city of Jičín is an interesting destination in its own right, but Turnov is closer to most of the castles and rock formations.
  • The twin towers of the ruined castle Trosky are a symbol of the area and can be climbed for the views.


Communication Etiquette:
• They are both formal and indirect in communication
• Don’t offend or confront anyone
• Initial greetings are formal
– Handshake
– Direct eye contact
• If they lower their eyes and become silent – this may mean you have said something that either offended them or made them feel uncomfortable

Business Etiquette:
• Decision making is at the top of the company
• Appointments are mandatory and should be made well in advance
– Punctuality for meetings is very important
– Maintain direct eye contact while speaking
– Expect small talk
• Presentations must be accurate – with figures and data to back up your argument
• Many businesses are closed during August
• Letters should be addressed to companies instead of specific people
• Avoid high pressure tactics

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