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About

Congress in Santiago

  • Chile narrowly stretches along the southern half of the west coast of South America.
  • The bordering countries are Bolivia, Peru and Argentina.
  • Along with Ecuador, it is one of two countries in South America that do not border Brazil.
  • The Pacific coastline of Chile is 6,435 kilometres.
  • Chile has the driest desert in the world
  • The terrain of Chile consists of rugged Andes Mountains, fertile central valley and low coastal mountains.
  • The main religion of the country is Roman Catholic, which accounts for 70% of the total population. Spanish is the chief language of the country.

 

HISTORY

  • Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca ruled northern Chile and the Mapuche inhabited central and southern Chile
  • Although Chile declared its independence in 1810, victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818
  • In the War of the Pacific (1879-83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its present northern regions
  • It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche Indians were completely conquered
  • In 1970, a Marxist government under Dr. Salvador Allende came to power
  • In 1990 Pinochet handed over the presidency to Patricio Aylwin Azocar


FACTS

    Mountain Lake

    • Over 1/3 of the worlds copper production is produced in Chile.
    • Valparaiso is one of the most prosperous cities in all of Chile and is known as “The Garden City”.
    • No rain fell in Chiles Atacama Desert for 40 years.
    • Chile has farmed salmon for years and in early 2000s was known as the top exporter.
    • Along the mountainous region of Chile there are over 1300 volcanoes and a number of them can still be active.
    • Most of the Chilean population lives in the capitol city of Santiago, Chile.
    • The city of Valparaiso has the largest annual fireworks show in all of South America.
    • Chile owns a portion of Antarctica.
    • Chile has one of the world’s largest and most deserted deserts known as Atacama.
    • The city at the very tip of Chile called Punta Arenas is the southernmost city on a continent in the world.
    • The southernmost village in the world is also in Chile called Puerto Williams.
    • Chile also has the one of the highest lakes above sea level in the world called Lake Chungara.
    • Chile has one of the longest coastlines in the world but also one of the smallest at being 6500 km long and 200 km wide.
    • Chile’s Andes mountains have some of the world’s largest and still active volcanoes
    • By a flaw in design the church of Campania had doors that swung inward which caused a large wind to push them open and disrupt the meeting of worshippers by dumping a burning candle to the floor which resulted in the churches destruction. More than 2500 people died in that fire.

Avg. Costs

Atacama Desert

  • Hotel breakfast 5000 CHP
  • Three course dinner 10,000 CHP
  • Café lunch 3500 CHP
  • Cappuccino 800 CHP

 

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Currency

Information is coming soon.

Safety

Easter Island

  • Santiago suffers from a high rate of pickpocketing and muggings. It’s advisable not to travel in the downtown area wearing expensive-looking jewelry or watches, even during the day.
  • It is recommended to wear your backpack at the front of your body in crowded areas
  • Chilean Carabineros (National Police) are very trustworthy – call 133 from any phone if you need emergency assistance
  • Since Chile is almost racially homogeneous, Chileans get curious and may stare at foreigners.
  • Avoid taking photographs of navy ships and buildings or other military buildings, ask first. If being caught they have the right to arrest you.

 

Click here to see Canadian Government Travel Reports and Warnings on http://www.voyage.gc.ca/.  Travel Reports offer information on safety and security, local laws and customs, entry requirements, health conditions and other important travel issues.

Climate

Torres del Paine National Park

  • Much of Chile has a mountain climate with snow and glaciers
  • Precipitation is light in the northern mountains, and so the snowline is high
  • Away from the mountains, the north is a desert
  • The southern part of the country is rugged and densely forested with a cool wet changeable climate.
  • Northern Chile is one of the world’s driest regions. The weather is often cloudy and cool.
  • Annual average rainfall in the North can be as low as 14 mm.
  • Central Chile has a Mediterranean climate with warm and virtually rainless summers, with the winters being mild and moderately wet.

Places to See

Chile Vineyard

Easter Island

  • Easter Island has been one of the major Chile tourist attractions since the 19th century.
  • Easter Island is over 2,000 miles from the nearest population center, (Tahiti and Chile), making it one of the most isolated places on Earth.
  • A triangle of volcanic rock in the South Pacific – it is best known for the giant stone monoliths, known as Moai, that dot the coastline.
  • The great monoliths on the island attract thousands of tourists every year.

View Map

 

 

 

Atacama Desert

  • The Atacama Desert is one of the few deserts on Earth that does not receive any rain.
  • It is a plateau in South America, covering a 600-mile (1,000 km) strip of land on the Pacific coast of South America, west of the Andes Mountains.
  • The Atacama Desert is the driest desert in the world, due to the rain shadow on the leeward side of the Chilean Coast Range.
  • It is composed mostly of salt basins, sand, and felsic lava flows towards the Andes.

 

 

 

Portillo Ski Resort

  • A ski resort located 160 kilometers (100 miles) from Santiago, Chile, near the city of Los Andes.
  • It rises 2880 meters above sea level and its highest point reaches 3332 meters above sea level.
  • Ski Portillo has 23 ski trails and 12 lifts.

 

 

 

Torres Del Paine

  • Torres del Paine National Park is a national park surrounding mountains, a glacier, a lake, and river-rich areas in southern Chilean Patagonia.
  • The Cordillera del Paine is the centerpiece of the park.
  • The park is located 112 km (70 mi) north of Puerto Natales and 312 km (194 mi) north of Punta Arenas.

View Map

 

 

 

Lauca National Park

  • Lauca National Park is located in Chile’s far north, in the Andean range.
  • It encompasses an area of 1,379 km² of high plains, mountains, and enormous volcanoes.

View Map

Etiquette

Communication Etiquette:
• Men will usually shake hands, women will pat each other on the right forearm or shoulder
• When addressing your Chilean counterpart if you don’t know their title then use “Senor”(Male) or “Senora”(Female) while addressing their surname
• Chileans stand very close when conversing in public and in business
• Wait to be invited to use the first name
• Pour wine with the right hand only
• Wait for toast to be made before taking a sip of your drink

Business Etiquette:
• Firm Handshake with a smile is an appropriate greeting
– Exchange Business Cards
– Make sure it is not dirty or ripped
– Respect the cards given to you
– Shows a sign of respect
• Be Patient during meetings – Chileans take as long as they need it to last
– Decisions are not made in meetings
• Confrontation is avoided
• Never openly criticize someone

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