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Congress in Santiago

  • Chile narrowly stretches along the southern half of the west coast of South America.
  • The bordering countries are Bolivia, Peru and Argentina.
  • Along with Ecuador, it is one of two countries in South America that do not border Brazil.
  • The Pacific coastline of Chile is 6,435 kilometres.
  • Chile has the driest desert in the world
  • The terrain of Chile consists of rugged Andes Mountains, fertile central valley and low coastal mountains.
  • The main religion of the country is Roman Catholic, which accounts for 70% of the total population. Spanish is the chief language of the country.



  • Prior to the arrival of the Spanish in the 16th century, the Inca ruled northern Chile and the Mapuche inhabited central and southern Chile
  • Although Chile declared its independence in 1810, victory over the Spanish was not achieved until 1818
  • In the War of the Pacific (1879-83), Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia and won its present northern regions
  • It was not until the 1880s that the Mapuche Indians were completely conquered
  • In 1970, a Marxist government under Dr. Salvador Allende came to power
  • In 1990 Pinochet handed over the presidency to Patricio Aylwin Azocar


    Mountain Lake

    • Over 1/3 of the worlds copper production is produced in Chile.
    • Valparaiso is one of the most prosperous cities in all of Chile and is known as “The Garden City”.
    • No rain fell in Chiles Atacama Desert for 40 years.
    • Chile has farmed salmon for years and in early 2000s was known as the top exporter.
    • Along the mountainous region of Chile there are over 1300 volcanoes and a number of them can still be active.
    • Most of the Chilean population lives in the capitol city of Santiago, Chile.
    • The city of Valparaiso has the largest annual fireworks show in all of South America.
    • Chile owns a portion of Antarctica.
    • Chile has one of the world’s largest and most deserted deserts known as Atacama.
    • The city at the very tip of Chile called Punta Arenas is the southernmost city on a continent in the world.
    • The southernmost village in the world is also in Chile called Puerto Williams.
    • Chile also has the one of the highest lakes above sea level in the world called Lake Chungara.
    • Chile has one of the longest coastlines in the world but also one of the smallest at being 6500 km long and 200 km wide.
    • Chile’s Andes mountains have some of the world’s largest and still active volcanoes
    • By a flaw in design the church of Campania had doors that swung inward which caused a large wind to push them open and disrupt the meeting of worshippers by dumping a burning candle to the floor which resulted in the churches destruction. More than 2500 people died in that fire.

Avg. Costs

Atacama Desert

  • Hotel breakfast 5000 CHP
  • Three course dinner 10,000 CHP
  • Café lunch 3500 CHP
  • Cappuccino 800 CHP


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Easter Island

  • Santiago suffers from a high rate of pickpocketing and muggings. It’s advisable not to travel in the downtown area wearing expensive-looking jewelry or watches, even during the day.
  • It is recommended to wear your backpack at the front of your body in crowded areas
  • Chilean Carabineros (National Police) are very trustworthy – call 133 from any phone if you need emergency assistance
  • Since Chile is almost racially homogeneous, Chileans get curious and may stare at foreigners.
  • Avoid taking photographs of navy ships and buildings or other military buildings, ask first. If being caught they have the right to arrest you.


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Torres del Paine National Park

  • Much of Chile has a mountain climate with snow and glaciers
  • Precipitation is light in the northern mountains, and so the snowline is high
  • Away from the mountains, the north is a desert
  • The southern part of the country is rugged and densely forested with a cool wet changeable climate.
  • Northern Chile is one of the world’s driest regions. The weather is often cloudy and cool.
  • Annual average rainfall in the North can be as low as 14 mm.
  • Central Chile has a Mediterranean climate with warm and virtually rainless summers, with the winters being mild and moderately wet.

Places to See

Chile Vineyard

Easter Island

  • Easter Island has been one of the major Chile tourist attractions since the 19th century.
  • Easter Island is over 2,000 miles from the nearest population center, (Tahiti and Chile), making it one of the most isolated places on Earth.
  • A triangle of volcanic rock in the South Pacific – it is best known for the giant stone monoliths, known as Moai, that dot the coastline.
  • The great monoliths on the island attract thousands of tourists every year.

View Map




Atacama Desert

  • The Atacama Desert is one of the few deserts on Earth that does not receive any rain.
  • It is a plateau in South America, covering a 600-mile (1,000 km) strip of land on the Pacific coast of South America, west of the Andes Mountains.
  • The Atacama Desert is the driest desert in the world, due to the rain shadow on the leeward side of the Chilean Coast Range.
  • It is composed mostly of salt basins, sand, and felsic lava flows towards the Andes.




Portillo Ski Resort

  • A ski resort located 160 kilometers (100 miles) from Santiago, Chile, near the city of Los Andes.
  • It rises 2880 meters above sea level and its highest point reaches 3332 meters above sea level.
  • Ski Portillo has 23 ski trails and 12 lifts.




Torres Del Paine

  • Torres del Paine National Park is a national park surrounding mountains, a glacier, a lake, and river-rich areas in southern Chilean Patagonia.
  • The Cordillera del Paine is the centerpiece of the park.
  • The park is located 112 km (70 mi) north of Puerto Natales and 312 km (194 mi) north of Punta Arenas.

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Lauca National Park

  • Lauca National Park is located in Chile’s far north, in the Andean range.
  • It encompasses an area of 1,379 km² of high plains, mountains, and enormous volcanoes.

View Map


Communication Etiquette:
• Men will usually shake hands, women will pat each other on the right forearm or shoulder
• When addressing your Chilean counterpart if you don’t know their title then use “Senor”(Male) or “Senora”(Female) while addressing their surname
• Chileans stand very close when conversing in public and in business
• Wait to be invited to use the first name
• Pour wine with the right hand only
• Wait for toast to be made before taking a sip of your drink

Business Etiquette:
• Firm Handshake with a smile is an appropriate greeting
– Exchange Business Cards
– Make sure it is not dirty or ripped
– Respect the cards given to you
– Shows a sign of respect
• Be Patient during meetings – Chileans take as long as they need it to last
– Decisions are not made in meetings
• Confrontation is avoided
• Never openly criticize someone

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