Argentina

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About

La Boca, Buenos Aires
  • Argentina is the second-largest country in South America, and the eighth largest in the world.
  • The capital and largest city of Argentina is Buenos Aires.
  • Argentina’s terrain consists of plains, known as the Pampas, the Patagonian Plateau and the rugged Andes Mountains. Major rivers are the Parana, Paraguay and Uruguay.
  • The population of Argentina was estimated at 41,769,726 in 2011.
  • Spanish is the official language. European languages spoken include Italian, German, French and English. Indigenous languages are Guarani, Mapuche and Quechua.
  • The majority of the people in Argentina are Christians.
  • The music and lyrics of Tango are Argentina’s musical symbol.
  • The official national sport of Argentina is played with a six-handle ball on horseback, but the most popular sport is association football
  • Meat, particularly beef, is an important part of Argentine cuisine.
  • Yerba mate is a traditional drink similar to tea and made with the leaves of the yerba plant. Coffee is a popular drink and wine is produced locally.

 

HISTORY

  • The name Argentina derives from argentum, the Latin word for silver, which is what early Spanish explorers sought when they first reached the region in the 16th century
  • Following independence from Spain in 1816, Argentina experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals
  • In the first decade of the 20th century, Argentina became the richest nation in Latin America, its wealth symbolized by the opulence of its capital city, Buenos Aires
  • However, a painful economic crisis at the turn of the 21st century devalued the Argentine peso by a factor of three and ushered in a series of weak, short-lived governments along with social and economic instability
Iguazu Falls

 

FACTS

  • Argentina is the eight largest country of the world, spreading over an area of approximately 2,766,890 sq km.
  • The official religion of Argentina is Roman Catholic.
  • As per the law, the President and Vice President of Argentina should be Roman Catholics.
  • The Iguazu Falls of Argentina are even higher than the world-famous Niagara Falls.
  • Mt. Aconcagua of Argentina is the tallest mountain in all of South America.
  • Moreno Glacier of Argentina is amongst the few glaciers in the world that are advancing.
  • The popular dance form ‘Tango’ belongs to Argentina.
  • Majority of the population in Argentina is of European origin.
  • The cuisine of Argentina is largely influenced by that of Spain, Italy, Germany, France and other European countries.
  • Patagonia is the place where the earliest evidence of human civilization in Argentina has been found.
  • European explorers stepped into Argentina in the year 1516.
  • The Argentine television industry is quite popular, with many local programs being broadcast by networks in other countries of the continent as well.

Avg. Costs

Buenos Aires Night

  • Average per person per day – 200 ARG
  • Taxis and small stores rarely take 50-100 ARG. US dollars preferred.
  • Meals ranging from empanadas to fancy dinners – 12-55 ARG
  • Drinks – 14 ARG
  • Nice bottle of wine – 32  ARG
  • Iguazu Falls – 30 ARG and it allows 50% discount for an additional entrance on the following day
  • Rio De Janeiro cable car ride with sightseeing – 30 ARG

 

Click here to see The Economist’s Big Mac Index.  It is arguably the world’s most accurate financial indicator to be based on a fast-food item.

Currency

Information is coming soon.

Safety

Nahuel Huap National Park
  • Argentina has the highest traffic mortality rate in South America
  • Pedestrians should exercise extreme caution
  • Do not jaywalk if you do not feel comfortable

 

Click here to see Canadian Government Travel Reports and Warnings on http://www.voyage.gc.ca/.  Travel Reports offer information on safety and security, local laws and customs, entry requirements, health conditions and other important travel issues.

Climate

Sandstone Cliff in Talampaya

  • Buenos Aires and the Pampas are temperate; cold in the winter, hot and humid in the summer
  • The deserts of Cuyo, which can reach temperatures of 50°C, are extremely hot and dry in the summer and moderately cold and dry in the winter
  • Spring and fall often exhibit rapid temperature reversals; several days of extremely hot weather may be followed by several days of cold weather, then back to extremely hot
  • The Andes are cool in the summer and very cold in the winter, varying according to altitude
  • Patagonia is cool in the summer and cold in the winter. Extreme temperature shifts within a single day are even more common here; pack a variety of clothes and dress in layers
  • Don’t forget that seasons are reversed from those of the Northern Hemisphere.

Places to See

Perito Moreno Glacier

Buenos Aires

  • The capital and largest city of Argentina
  • It is located on the western shore of the estuary of the Río de la Plata, on the southeastern coast of the South American continent
  • Go to a “milonga” (a tango dance hall), because this is the city where tango began
  • Have a steak, the best beef in the world
  • Spend an evening in the neighborhood of Palermo with its restaurants, bars and clubs
  • Buenos Aires is one of the best places in Latin America to learn Spanish

View Map

 

 

 

The Glaciers National Park

  • Argentina’s glaciers are easily accessible by air and land transportation
  • The Perito Moreno glacier, the park’s star performer, is so breathtaking that even the most jaded world traveler would not fail to be impressed
  • Mount Fitzroy in the north of the Park is only a short drive away, too. With its sheer rock cliff face, it is one of the Andes’ most illustrative peaks.

View Map

 

 

 

The Iguazú Waterfalls

  • This enormous waterfall in Argentina’s tropical north
  • The world’s largest waterfall
  • It is formed by a confluence of swollen rainforest rivers dropping hundreds of feet off volcanic rock cliffs
  • Since the falls form part of the Argentina-Brazil border, try to see the falls from the National Parks in both countries
  • On the Argentine side, walkways take you to the very edge, letting you peer down into the misty void
  • On the Brazilian side, you’re able to take in the whole panorama of the falls from below

View Map

 

 

 

Puerto Madryn and Peninsula Valdéz

  • No visit to Argentina should be considered complete without a visit to coastal Patagonia, one of the richest marine ecosystems in the world
  • In the winter and spring months the Southern Right Whale mates, gives birth and raises its young in the sheltered harbor of the Peninsula
  • At other times of the year, there are sea lions, seals, penguins, dolphins and even orcas on view

View Map

 

 

 

The Quebrada de Humahuaca Valley

  • A World Heritage site
  • One of the locations of early settlements in the region
  • There are also remnants of the Inca civilization of the 15th to 16th centuries

Etiquette

CUSTOMARY INFORMATION

    If invited to dinner at an Argentine’s home, bring a small gift for your hostess. Gifts are often opened immediately.

 

COMMUNICATION ETIQUETTE

    When entering a formal environment it is courteous for men to remove any hats/ head wear. A handshake is a common introduction; a firm handshake shows signs of strength and honesty. Argentineans tend to stand very close when communicating with someone, even if it is a stranger. It is rude if you do back away when they are talking to you. They are very personable and communicate through body language frequently. They also tend to place more emphasis on people and relationships then a set schedule. The American “OK” sign down with your hand is considered an obscene gesture.

 

BUSINESS ETIQUETTE

    Men tend to dress conservatively in blue, gray and brown suits, with white or light blue shirts and conservative ties. It is important to make appointments for meetings 1-3 weeks in advance. In a negotiation high-ranking officers generally make the final decisions. Argentinean culture focuses on relationships; it’s essential to build strong relationships. It is common to start various meetings off with small talk; this also builds a rapport with them.

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